The US decision to resume deportations comes after a "significant increase" in the number of Haitians trying to enter US territory through the southwest border

United States immigration officials have announced yesterday that they will be 
resuming the deportation of undocumented Haitian nationals seeking entry into the United States, back to their homeland, a decision that ends the halt of deportation the Obama administration put en place following the devastating 2010 earthquake.

In a statement released explaining the reason for the new directives, the US secretary of Homeland Secretary, Jeh Johson, said that  "the situation in Haiti has improved enough to allow the US government to expel Haitians on a more regular basis, in line with the practice used for nationals of other countries," 

The US decision comes after a "significant increase" in the number of Haitians trying to enter US territory through the southwest border, said senior officials of the Department of Homeland Security in a phone call with a small group of media communication.

Many Haitian immigrants trying to enter the US through the border crossing at San Ysidro, San Diego (California).

That border crossing received in fiscal 2015 (from October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015) a total of 339 Haitian immigrants, a figure that fat exceeds this fiscal year of 2016 with the entry so far of about 5,000 Haitians , according to the Department of Homeland Security.

To reach the United States, Haitians through Mexico and several Central American countries mostly from Brazil, leaving for economic reasons after having received residencies in the South American country following the earthquake. According to a senior US official "several thousand" Haitian nationals are currently in Central America and Mexico en route to US territory.

So far this year the United States has granted humanitarian asylums for three years to some 4.000 migrants coming from Haiti through South and Central America, mostly on foot.  It has also allowed thousands more to remain freely in any part of the US while their cases are being processed.

Border towns of Tijuana in Mexico and San Isydro, San Diego in California are overwhelmed by the recent surge of Haitian migrants, exhausted from their long and perilous transatlantic travel. Religious and humanitarian agencies from both the United States and Mexico have sounded the alarm over the scarce ressources available to them to deal with the situation.

Authorities and organizations in defense of migrants in Tijuana declared a humanitarian crisis last week when about two thousand Haitian migrants arrived in the city from their long voyage, to get an appointment for humanitarian asylum in the United States, via California.

The change in US immigration policy does not affect Haitian immigrants covered by the Temporary Protected Status (TPS), a temporary residence permit and work that the US grants extraordinary way to nationals of countries affected by conflicts or natural disasters.  

Immigration authorities decided to give Haitians residing in the US Temporary Protected Status (TPS) after the earthquake in 2010 and subsequently renewed several times, so that is now in effect until July 22, 2017.

The Department of Homeland Security also specifies that migrants seeking asylum for humanitarian or political reasons will be properly examined, and such migrants will be allowed to remain in the US.