Grain production in Latin America and Caribbean increased by 20%, except in Haiti

Posted by on Tuesday, December 12, 2017 Under: Agriculture
Image result for cereal production

Grain production in Latin America and the Caribbean increased by 20% in 2017 compared to last year, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported Monday in its office in Chile.

Latin America and the Caribbean will produce 259 million tons this year, 20% more than in 2016.

According to the report "Crop Prospects and Food Situation" released on Monday, the increase is largely explained by record corn production in Argentina and Brazil this year.

However, he warns that the impact of hurricanes in the Caribbean could lead to a decline in agricultural production, which could have a negative impact on the food security of the countries of the region.

In Central America and the Caribbean, despite a moderate decline from the previous year in Mexico, total cereal production will remain above average, according to FAO forecasts.

In South America, the 2018 corn crop is well advanced, the agency added.

In Argentina, the 2018 corn crop is forecast to increase by 3.7 percent from 2016 to 8.8 million hectares, while in Brazil, planting of the first crop in the season is expected to reach five million hectares, 10 percent below last year's level.

FAO estimates that South America will produce a record 162.5 million tons of corn, thanks in part to good figures from Argentina (49.5 million tonnes) and Brazil (99.4 million tonnes). ).

Average or slightly above average production is forecast in Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru, but in Chile, the 2017 maize crop is expected to be 7 percent lower than last year.

FAO also predicts wheat production could reach 26.5 million tons, 9.2 percent down from last year, reflecting weaker results in Argentina and Brazil due to the decline of plantations.

In Paraguay, wheat production is estimated at 700 000 tons, the lowest level in the last 10 years, while in Chile, wheat production is also expected to fall to 1.2 million tons (31 per cent less than last year).

However, in Bolivia, 233 000 tons are expected, an increase of 29% compared to 2016, but still below the average of the last five years.

In addition, FAO's forecast for corn production in Central America and the Caribbean in 2017 has been revised upward, reflecting good results in Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Honduras.

In Mexico, corn production is expected to reach 26 million tonnes in 2017, below last year's record production, while wheat production is estimated at 3.6 million tons, well above the average of the last five years.

The bad news comes from Haiti, the only country in the wider region which FAO considers "in a situation of severe localized food insecurity".

"With the recurring droughts of 2014 and 2016, as well as the effects of hurricanes Matthew and Irma in 2016 and 2017 respectively, it is estimated that 1.32 million people need emergency food aid in Haiti," the report said. FAO.

In : Agriculture