Browsing Archive: October, 2014

Alexandre Petion

Posted by hougansydney.com on Saturday, October 18, 2014,

Alexandre  Pétion was born in Port-au-Prince, on April 2nd, 1770, to a mulatto Haitian mother and a wealthy white French man named Pascal Sabès, who refused to legally recognize Pétion, because he found him to be too dark skinned. Although his father did not legally recognize him, he was never a slave since his mother was a free woman.
Petion learned the trade of silversmith from Guiole, a white French man who was good friend with his father. Guiole had great affection for Pétion, and gave...


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Jean Bertrand Aristide

Posted by hougansydney.com on Tuesday, October 14, 2014,
Jean Bertrand Aristide

Jean Bertrand Aristide was born on July 15, 1953 in the town of Port-Salut; a picturesque coastal town in the South Department of Haiti. With his mother, he moved to Port-au-Prince at the age of only 3 months old, after the death of his father. As a young boy, Aristide attended a Catholic school in the city of Cap-Haitien, run by priests from the Salesian Order. After high school, he went to the Notre Dame College, where he would graduate with honors. He was only 21 at the time. Aristide then...


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Henry Christophe

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,
Henry Christophe

 Henry Christophe was a key leader in the Haitian Revolution. Winning independence from France in 1804. On February 17, 1807 after the creation of a separate nation in the north, Henry Christophe was elected President of Haiti. Half white, Christophe had been a slave a waiter in a public hotel at Cap Français (now Cap Haitien)  where he made use of his opportunities to gain a knowledge of men and of the world.When Leclerc's expedition arrived to retake Saint Domingue, it was Christophe who w...


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Jean Pierre Boyer

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

          

 

jean pierre boyer

Jean Pierre Boyer was the son of a Frenchmen, a tailor by profession. and an African Mother, a former slave of Guinean origin. His father sent him to France and paid for his education at a military school. Boyer joined the French Republican Army and earned the rank of battalion commander.  After the Suicide of Henry Christophe, Jean Pierre Boyer became the President of Haiti and reunited the country. Below is how the magistrates announced to the population of Haiti that the whole c...


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Charles Riviere Herard

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,
charles riviere herard

 Charles Rivière Hérard also known as Charles Hérard Ainé was an officer in the Haitian Army Under André Pétion during his struggles with Henry Christophe.
Rivière Hérard was born at Port-au-Prince on February 16 1789. Nothing about his early life is generally known, except that he fought with the revolutionnaries against the french and that he was an officer.
Among the conspirators who ousted President Boyerduring the 1843 Revolution Rivière Hérard was chief. Whithout Hérard's appro...


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Philippe Guerrier

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

 A respected soldier, General Philippe Guerrier was an octogenarian when he assumed the Presidency. He had succesfully commanded the Southern Black Army during the Haitian Revolution. After the Independence of Haiti, he retired from active service and became a plantation owner. As a veteran of the war for independence his deficiency in knowledge was counterbalanced by his great love for his country. He showed great moderation in exercising the dictatorship which circumstances had conferred up...


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Jean Louis Pierrot

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

Jean-Louis Piérrot was a veteran of the war of independence and King Henry Christophe's brother-in-law. 
Piérot became president at the age of 84. He refused to live in Port-au-Prince and designated Cap-Haitien the capital of Haiti. President Piérrot was obsessed with the idea of punishing the Dominicans for having declared their independence on February, 1844. A short war broke out between the two neighbors without a clear victor.
President Piérrot was overthrown in a Coup d'état on March...


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Jean Baptiste Riche

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,
jean baptiste riche

 Jean-Baptiste Riché was a career officer and general in the Haitian Army.
Born free, he was the son of a prominent free black man of the same name in the north province. The rebel army under mulatto control, proclaimed Riché president of Haiti on March 24, 1846 Though illiterate and old, he had the commom sense to end the dictatorship of his predecessors and surround himself with capable officials who rendered his administration profitable for the country. After gaining the presidency the f...


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Faustin Soulouque

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

 Born in Petit Goave in 1782, Faustin was a general in the Haitian Army  when he was elected president in 1847.

At the age of 65, he seemed to be a malleable candidate and was subsequently enticed to accept the role offered to him by the Boyerist ruling class. At first Faustin seemed to fill the role of puppet very well. Many considered him dull and ignorant. As president, he retained the cabinet level ministers of the former president and even continued the programms of his predecessor. Howev...


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Sylvain Salnave

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

Sylvain Salnave was a Haitian General, who became President of Haiti after he successfully overthrew President Fabre Geffrard.  Salnave was born on February 7, 1826 To a white French man and an African mother. As a soldier, he was sentenced to life in prison on August 16,1864. The reasons for his imprisonment are still unknown. He exiled to the Turks Island on May 1865 after receiving pardon. He would not come back to Haiti until after 2 years where he was immediately proclaimed "Commandant S...


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Nissage Saget

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,
nissage saget

Known as a tailor, soldier, senator and last but not least, President. Nissage Saget was born in Saint Marc on September 20, 1810. He spent 10 years in prison under Emperor Faustin Soulouque. After Soulouque's downfall, his successor, Sylvain Salnave freed him and reinstated him as commandant of the army division of Leogane and after a short period of time he got promoted as the Army Chief Commandant. He became the President of Haiti after the overthrow of Sylvain Salnave. He is mostly rememb...


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Boisrond Canal

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal was born on June 12, 1832 in the town of Les Cayes. His military career began as an officer from 1858 to 1867 under  President Fabre Geffrard. He became a farmer after his retirement and lived a very involved political life on Port-au-Prince. In 1870 he was elected as senator in Port-au-Prince and reelected in 1875. Before his appointment as the commander of the army in the Ouest Department, by President Michel Domingue, he went into exile in Kingston, Jamaica fo...


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Michele Domingue

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,
michele domingue

From June 1874, To April 15, 1876 Michele Domingue was the President of Haiti. He was born in Les Cayes in 1813. He became the the commander of the Haitian Army  units in the Sud Department.  On June 11, 1874 General Michele Domingue was elected President of Haiti for an 8 years term. As primarily soldier, Michele had neither the stature, nor the tact of a statesman. Therefore he considered it wiser to leave the care of of the public affairs to someone he thought had the capacity to do so. He...


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Francois Deus Legitime

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

Son of Tinette Lespérance and Deny Légitime, François Déus was born in Jeremie, on November 20, 1841. Before becoming President of Haiti, he occupied many official positions. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs under President Boisrond-Canal; Minister of Agriculture, Interior, Education and Justice, under President Lysius Salomon; Minister of commerce and Finance, still under President Lysius Salomon. François Déus was also a General in the Haitian Army before getting into politics. He M...


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Lysius Salomon

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

Born on June 30, 1815 in Les Cayes to a small, but very influential family, part of the black elite of the South; Lysius Salomon was the President of Haiti from October 2, 1879 to August 10, 1888. His family was well known and highly educated. He came from exile in the Dominican Republic to be Faustin Soulouque's Minister of Finance. He again went to exile with his family, this time in France and England after the fall of Soulouque.
After his return from Paris in August 1879, Salomon became th...


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Florvil Hyppolite

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

A career soldier and a general, Florvil Hyppolite was appointed as the President of Haiti, by The Constitutional Council on October 17th 1889. 
He was born in the city of Cap-Haitien on May 26th 1828.
His administration is greatly remembered by the extra marital affair he had with Victoire Jean-Baptiste. A poor illiterate, but strikingly beautiful young woman from the country side of Cap-Haitien, who worked as a servant for his wife; Gelyne Hyppolite and was also the secret lover of their son. ...

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Tiresias Antoine Simon

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,

Tiresias Antoine Auguste Simon was born in the Grande Riviere du Nord on May 15th, 1835. He served as Minister of War in the previous administration, before he got elected as President on March 31, 1896 for a seven year terms. His administration was made of some of the smartest men in Haiti, including the Scholar Antenor Firmin and, Solon Menos, a prodigious young men who obtained a Doctorate in Law, in an University in Paris. Despite having a solid administration, the financial situation of ...


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Pierre Nord Alexis

Posted by hougansydney.com on Wednesday, October 8, 2014,
nord alexis

Pierre Nord Alexis was the Grandson of Henry Christophe; his father was a general in Christophe's army, and his mother, Blezine Georges was the illegitimate daughter of Henry Christophe. After the death of his father, his mother remarried to President Jean Louis Pierrot whom he served as an aide-camp. After the fall of Pierrot, Alexis was forced into exile, in 1874, but returned to Haiti after a few years. 
He endured several jail terms for his outspoken opposition against Lysius Salomon.


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