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Jean Jacques Dessalines

History of Haiti

Showing category "French Colonization" (Show all posts)

The Black Code

Posted by hougansydney.com on Saturday, December 27, 2014, In : French Colonization 
In 1685, the king of France Louis XIV passed the Code Noir (Black Code), a decree defining the conditions of slavery in the French colonial empire and the activities permitted by free Negroes.
The document comprised of 60 Articles and specified the following:


  • Jews cannot reside in the colonies.
  • Slaves must be baptized in the Roman Catholic Church
  • No other religion can be exercised other than Roman Catholic
  • Slaves masters must be Roman Catholic
  • Non-Catholic subjects must not interfere with the Catho...

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Social classes in Saint Domingue

Posted by hougansydney.com on Saturday, December 27, 2014, In : French Colonization 
During French colonization, Saint Domingue was populated by 3 classes of inhabitants, divided by the color of their skin. The white colonists at the top, the mulattoes and free blacks in the middle; the black slaves at the bottom. The lowest class was mainly of Africans born, they outnumbered the other races by a ratio of 10 to 1. Due to poor living conditions: Overwork, inadequate food, clothing, shelter and medical care, the death rate among them were extremely high. Nearly half a million s...

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France's Colonial Exclusive Policy

Posted by hougansyney.com on Saturday, December 27, 2014, In : French Colonization 
Colonial navy of France

The rigidly regulated Saint Domingue commerce was known as the Exclusive; a policy whose sole goal was to guaranteed that the wealth of Saint Domingue would benefit France exclusively.


Whatever manufactured goods the colonists needed they were compelled to buy from France. They could sell their produce only to France. The goods were to be transported only in French ships manned by french sailors or captains. The colonist were not allowed to refine sugar or cacao which had to be exported to Fra...

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Saint Domingue Became the Richest Colony in the World

Posted by hougansydney.com on Saturday, December 27, 2014, In : French Colonization 
French colonial navy in Haiti


With the encouragement of then King Of France, Louis XIV, the growing of tobacco, indigo, cotton, coffee and cacao began on the fertile northern plain, the most fertile in the entire Island of Hispaniola and, slaves were imported from Africa to work the fields. The economy of Saint Domingue gradually expanded; by 1767, Saint Domingue became the richest colony in the world, and was called the "Pearl of the Antilles" "Queen of the West Indies" "Pride of France in the New World" due to its wealt...

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French Colonization of Haiti (the beginning)

Posted by hougansydney.com on Saturday, December 27, 2014, In : French Colonization 



As Spain started to show disinterest in Hispaniola, some French buccaneers established a settlement on the Island of Tortuga, off of Haiti northern coast. After just a couple months, many English and Dutch pirates followed and together they formed a lawless territory, pirating the Spanish ships and hunting wild cattle that became abundant since their introduction to the Island by Christopher Columbus. By 1663, French settlement expanded to the western coast of the Island and, Leogane, former ...

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